Mahoning County Board of Health
 
 

Mosquitoes

Ohio Department of Health Zika Fact Sheet

Ohio Department of Health Zika Fact Sheet – Spanish

Zika and Pregnancy Information

CDC Zika Travel Information 

Zika Virus Information from the Centers for Disease Control

Mosquitoes Can Cause Illness

Each summer, mosquitoes are a familiar biting pest in backyards, parks and campgrounds.  Most are merely a nuisance and are not major vectors of diseases.  In fact, only a few of the 59 species of mosquitoes in Ohio can transmit disease.  However, the diseases these mosquitoes can carry are very serious ones, such as encephalitis and malaria in humans and heartworm in dogs.  Therefore, it is always advisable to take preventive measures to protect yourself and your family against mosquito bites.

In addition to West Nile Virus and LaCrosse Encephalitis, Chikungunya (pronunciation: (chik-en-gun-ye) virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes.  The most common symptoms of chikungunya virus infections are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.  Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans.  In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean.  There is a risk that the virus will be imported to new areas by infected travelers.  There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat chikungunya virus infection.  Travelers can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites.  When traveling to countries with chikungunya virus, use insect repellant, wear long sleeves and pants, and stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens.

Reduce Mosquito Population – Reduce Your Risk of Disease

You can reduce the number of mosquitoes in areas where you live, work and play.

  • Drain or remove standing water containers, like tin cans, old tires and unused flower pots.
  • Clean pools and outdoor hot tubs, keep them empty or covered when not in use, and drain water from pool covers at least weekly.
  • Check for clogged rain gutters and for standing water in places that may be hard to see.
  • Change water in bird baths weekly.
  • Repair window and door screens.

Prevent Mosquito Bites – Reduce Your Risk of Disease

  • Use insect repellent containing an EPA-registered active ingredient and follow the directions on the package.
  • Stay indoors when possible, especially during dawn and dusk.
  • Wear lightweight long sleeves and pants when outside.

Links to More Information:

Mosquito Prevention Information

Mosquito Bite Protection in Ohio

Fight the Bite

Fight the Bite – Child Friendly Version

ODH Reminder About Avoiding Mosquito-Borne Illnesses

Mosquito Information from the Ohio Department of Health