Each summer, mosquitoes are a familiar biting pest in backyards, parks and campgrounds. Most are merely a nuisance and are not major vectors of diseases. In fact, only a few of the 59 species of mosquitoes in Ohio can transmit disease. However, the diseases these mosquitoes can carry are very serious ones, such as encephalitis and malaria in humans and heartworm in dogs. Therefore, it is always advisable to take preventive measures to protect yourself and your family against mosquito bites.
In addition to West Nile Virus and LaCrosse Encephalitis, Chikungunya (pronunciation: (chik-en-gun-ye) virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of chikungunya virus infections are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean. There is a risk that the virus will be imported to new areas by infected travelers. There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat chikungunya virus infection. Travelers can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. When traveling to countries with chikungunya virus, use insect repellant, wear long sleeves and pants, and stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens.
You can reduce the number of mosquitoes in areas where you live, work and play.
Mosquito Prevention Information
Mosquito Bite Protection in Ohio
Fight the Bite
Fight the Bite – Child Friendly Version
ODH Reminder About Avoiding Mosquito-Borne Illnesses
Mosquito Information from the Ohio Department of Health
Ticks and Mosquitoes that carry diseases are increasing in concerning numbers throughout the State of Ohio.